Inter-State Cooperation to Deliver Better Extension
by Ken W. Koelkebeck
Poultry extension education is important in today's industry because it helps
maintain visibility with clientele and provide current information. The poultry
extension specialists at Purdue University, Michigan State University, The Ohio
State University, University of Illinois, and University of Kentucky have formed
the Multi-State Poultry Extension group. This group has conducted numerous regional
programs and seminars designed to: 1) provide quality education, 2) attract
outside speakers, and 3) secure extramural funding. These programs have helped
poultry and game bird producers improve production efficiency, and have provided
them with information in many areas including management techniques aimed at
satisfying current environmental concerns.
TODAY'S INDUSTRY, ITS' EDUCATIONAL NEEDS, AND
HOW TO PROVIDE THE ANSWERS
The poultry industry in the Midwest has undergone extensive consolidation
and concentration in all segments within the past 10 to 15 years. The size of
the industry has grown very rapidly, while the number of independent producers
have been decreasing. To provide technical information for the rapidly changing
industry, effective means of delivering this information is important. Also,
as the poultry industry has expanded, the number of poultry extension personnel
has decreased. Thus, the concept of inter-state poultry extension programs becomes
more and more important. This idea necessitates interaction among poultry extension
specialists in adjoining states to put together a meeting and bring in the best
speakers to present information on various subjects to industry personnel. Providing
the most current and accurate information to the clientele is of greatest importance.
Inter-state extension programs in commodities other than poultry have been
successful. A four-state dairy extension program involving the states of Illinois,
Iowa, Wisconsin, and Minnesota has sponsored the Four-State Dairy Nutrition
Conference for a number of years. In the poultry area, there is a New England
poultry regionalization effort involving the states of Maine, Rhode Island,
Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont. This group has sponsored
several programs for the poultry industry and one of them is called the New
England Poultry Management Conference. In the Midwestern states, an inter-state
poultry extension program has been conducting extension seminars and conferences
for the past 15 years. These programs have provided commercial poultry producers
in the states of Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, and Ohio with information
to help them operate a successful poultry business.
CHARACTERISTICS OF FIVE STATE AREA
The poultry industry in the Midwest is dynamic and has been expanding. While
the poultry industry is expanding the number of poultry extension personnel
are declining. Two Poultry Science Departments have been absorbed into Animal
Science Departments as well. Currently there are five Animal Science Departments
with eight poultry extension personnel with only five full-time equivalents
A SUCCESSFUL INTER-STATE POULTRY EXTENSION PROGRAM
The poultry extension specialists at Purdue University, Michigan State University,
The Ohio State University, University of Illinois, and University of Kentucky
have formed what is called the Multi-State Poultry Extension group. In 1984,
Dr. Richard Adams, Poultry Extension Specialist, Purdue University, contacted
Dr. Cal Flegal at Michigan State, Dr. Carl Parsons at Illinois, Dr. Ed Nabor
at Ohio State and Dr. Austin Cantor at Kentucky to see if there was interest
in putting on an industry-oriented meeting involving the area of poultry nutrition.
Everyone agreed that this would be a good regional extension programming effort,
so the first meeting was held in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1984. Since that first
meeting, the Multi-State Poultry Feeding and Nutrition Conference has been held
every year with very good success.
In 1987, Drs. Adams and Flegal suggested that the group expand a Michigan
Game Bird Conference into a Multi-State Game Bird Conference. All states agreed
to do this and this has been a cooperatively sponsored meeting ever since. The
Multi-State Game Bird meeting is held in Michigan every other year and then
rotates among the other states. Another multi-state meeting, called the Multi-State
Poultry Health and Management Conference was also held in 1987. In order to
meet the educational needs of other groups, additional regional multi-state
meetings have been held and other states such as Wisconsin and Minnesota have
participated. One of the programs that was most successful, with respect to
the number of attendees, was the Multi-State Big Bird (Ratite) Conference. The
first of these conferences was held in the Fall of 1992 in Indianapolis, IN
and approximately 350 people attended the two-day meeting. This conference was
held every six months for the next three years.
Another multi-state regional project was initiated in 1989. Dr. Gerald Havenstein,
who at that time was the Head of the Poultry Science Department at Ohio State,
initiated what was called the "Multi-State Poultry Extension and Research Newsletter."
Poultry related faculty at each of the cooperating five state universities prepared
articles for publication in this newsletter. This newsletter received excellent
reviews by the poultry industry, but is currently not being published.
In addition to the above mentioned multi-state regional poultry extension
programs, several meetings were conducted in Michigan that were "tailor-made"
for several egg producing companies. Since the other multi-state meetings had
been so successful, several poultry companies have come to us to see if we would
put on a program dealing with specific subjects.
These programs have been nearly self-supporting, and with continued cooperative
efforts they will be entirely self-supported. Based on the attendance and written
evaluation of these meetings, they have been very successful in delivering current
educational information to our clientele. The goals of these meetings are to:
1) provide high quality educational information, 2) provide information for
area poultry producers, 3) attract outstanding outside speakers, and 4) secure
Conducting successful Inter-State meetings has several specific requirements.
The first is to obtain financial support from industry sponsors in addition
to funds received from registration. Contributions from companies for sponsoring
speakers, receptions, coffee breaks, meals, and other general costs is a must
to conduct the meeting. As is the case with the Multi-State Poultry Feeding
and Nutrition Conference, each state specialist secures funding in the amount
of about $1,000 to help defray these meeting costs. In addition, several major
companies solely sponsor receptions and meals functions for this meeting.
ADVANTAGES OF INTER-STATE POULTRY EXTENSION PROGRAMS
The advantages of conducting inter-state poultry extension programs are many.
First of all, quality extension educational programs are conducted. The topics
that are most important to the industry are discussed at meetings. Speakers
that work in the industry as well as those who are employed at universities
in both extension and research positions are asked to be on the program.
Another advantage of conducting these inter-state educational conferences
is that a larger audience can be reached than if a program was conducted individually
in a state. By doing this, topics can be addressed that are common to everyone
because these problems usually are inter-state in scope. Thus, these inter-state
conferences have increased the efficiency of individual extension educational
An important task that university administration likes to see accomplished
is the securing of extramural funding. The companies which give financial support
are recognized on the program brochure. These companies feel that this support
enhances their exposure to key industry clients, and they view this as good
advertising. Thus, extramural funding is important to financially support inter-state
DISADVANTAGES AND PITFALLS OF INTER-STATE POULTRY
There are some pitfalls and disadvantages with inter-state programs. When
conducting an inter-state extension program increased travel and expenses should
be expected. In order to have a central location for meetings some participants
must travel a greater distance and for a longer period than for a state program.
There is great state loyalty in some inter-state areas. Producers are
reluctant sometimes to travel to another state. Producers will travel long distances
within their own state, but a segment of the target population do not want to
travel out of state. To overcome some meetings should be rotated from state
to state in order to attract a new clientele.
When an inter-state project is conducted, the personnel of various
universities become interconnected. The staffing problems at one university
can impact the effectiveness of personnel at the cooperating universities. Even
though a close working relationship between colleagues of the different universities
is essential for an inter-state effort to be successful, input into the selection
process for replacements may not be solicited from cooperating institutions.
Decreasing human and monetary resources for poultry extension programs will
require that more inter-state efforts be implemented. Inter-state programs can
work if they are developed over a reasonable period of time and if all participants
are committed to the program. The previous discussion about the success of the
Multi-State Poultry Extension Group is proof that this type of extension programming
effort can be accomplished. Thus, inter-state poultry extension programs might
serve as a model for other commodity, livestock, species, and general extension